The bioeconomy encompasses all activities creating economic development of biomass. A large proportion of agricultural, agri-food, fish farming and forestry co-products are not yet used to their full potential. Many scientific studies highlight the economic potential of fabrics and molecules derived from these co-products in the form of new materials, substitutes for petrol-based chemicals, as well as entirely new products. This presentation provides an overview of these activities and obstacles preventing development which are not only scientific and regulatory, but organisational too. Existing support will be presented and examples of current initiatives provided.